Importance of Prelims by Amit Tolani: IAS Rank 151 in his 6th attempt with Sindhi as Optional Subject

Name Amit Suresh Tolani
Rank in CSE 2015 151
Total Attempts in CSE 6
Optional Subject Sindhi Literature
Medium English


Class 10 percentage of marks 78%
Class 12Percentage of marks 77%
Graduation: College and marks 62%
Post-graduation: College and marks
Any other course CA

IAS Score: What were the basic mantras of your success?

Amit Suresh Tolani: To reach a destination, step1 is to start-ACT upon it. There is NO substitute to Hard work

IAS Score: What were your strategies for the lengthy syllabus of General Studies for both Prelims and Mains?

Amit Suresh Tolani: Divide the whole syllabus in smaller milestones in the form of different subjects and complete one subject at a time; solve questions of past exams (I did for past 15 years) and then get to next subject.

IAS Score: Did you integrate your Prelims or Mains preparation or was it separate in the changing scenario?

Amit Suresh Tolani: My strategy was to secure prelims first and then initiate to focus on Mains. However, I started the preparation of my Optional along with my preparation of Prelims.

For prelims, I completed the basic books and solved more of objective type questions (from both past years papers and insights on India Test papers)

For Mains, I focused more on Newspapers and solved Vision IAS and Synergy test papers.

GS Preparation for Prelims (Summary)

Study material / Guidance Polity : Laxmikant (special focus on Tables & boxes)

Modern History: Spectrum (special focus on chapters summary &

Economics: Shankar Ganesh

Geography: NCERT (6-12)

Mapping: World Map K. Sidhartha (Focus on Asia & Physical Map), Prem Patel-Indian Map

Environment: NCERT Biology-12thStd (Ecology section-special focus on tables & summaries) + Shankar IAS. (priority to NCERT because it will develop basic concepts)

Basic Books
Current Affairs The Hindu Newspaper + Vision IAS Current affairs

GS Mains Preparation (Summary)

Paper Study Material/Guidance Current Issues Source Answer Writing Practice
GS Paper 1 World History-Old NCERT;

Geo/Indian History/Culture-source is same as prelims

Vision test series (2 years)
GS Paper 2 News Paper-special focus on International relations Secure
GS Paper 3 News Paper-special focus on International Economics & security

Economic Survey

CBSE booklet on Disaster Management

GS Paper 4 S. K. Mishra Sir Class at GS Score, Jawahar Book depot – MNM series book on Ethics 2 case studies every day

Optional Subject Preparation  (Summary) – ‘Sindhi Literature’

Study material / Guidance Paper 1:

Grammar book –An intensive course in Sindhi

‘Sindhi Itihas’ by BherumalMihirchandAdvani

‘Sindhi Sahitya and adabjitarikh’ by DrLekhwani

‘Sindhi Sahitya jo Itihas’ by DrJetley

Paper 2:

1st hand reading of all books mentioned in UPSC syllabus (Will be issued for free by ‘National Council under Ministry of HRD for Promotion of Sindhi language; contact details available on its website)

Basic Books
Current Affairs
Answer Writing Min 2 Pages of Answer writing everyday

Test series guidance under DrBhojrajLekhwani, Pune

Any other

IAS Score: How did your prepare for essay.

Amit Suresh Tolani: At least 1 Essay each Sunday for the practice; Compare with others in order to improve. *Do NOT neglect essay at any cost because if the student is well prepared in essay, he/she will get high marks but if not prepared, marks will be substantially low. Eg: Marks may range from 90(low)-140(high)

IAS Score: Did you adopt any specific strategy for GS Paper 4?

Amit Suresh Tolani: My strategy was to focus mainly on the case studies. I used to solve 2 case studies each day from and compare my answers with others and jot down the good points or examples from other’s answers.

Students should collect the examples of important personalities. This they can use them in the answers.

For eg: Integrity & Courage – Ex CAG Vinod Rai

For Efficiency & Professionalism – Mr ShriDharan (MetroMan)

For Probity & Uprightness – Ex IPS Officer Dr Kiran Bedi

For Knowledge without Values – Mr RamalingaRaju-Satyam Scam

For Knowledge with Values – Mahatma Gandhi

IAS Score: What were the sources of information for general reading? How did you come to know that which sources of reading materials are standard?

Amit Suresh Tolani: ToppersBlog: Superman returns; Gaurav Agarwal, RachitRaj,

IAS Score:  What is your advice on notes-making for other aspirants?

Amit Suresh Tolani: Always make short summary notes as they helps to- Register the information mentally (as we put in proactive efforts to prpare the same) Quick reference

IAS Score: How did you manage your time during the preparation?

Amit Suresh Tolani: I used to study in 2-2.5 hour slabs and small tea breaks. When bored, I used to solve objective type questions or watch something entertaining to refresh myself.

IAS Score: What was your style (paragraph or point format) of writing in the exam? How was it distinct from the general writing style? How did you develop this writing style?

Amit Suresh Tolani: My answer writing style was Point form.

I used to break the question into 2-4 headings to be able to write answers accordingly.

For Eg: In 2015, Que in Geo (paper 1) -‘Explain the factors responsible for the origin of ocean currents. How do they influence regional climates, fishing and navigation?’

Break of the ans for this ques will be in 5 parts-

  1. What are Ocean Currents?
  2. Factors responsible?
  3. Influence on Climate?
  4. Influence on Fishing?
  5. Influence on Navigation?

IAS Score: So much focus is being given to Test Series, both for Prelims and Mains, in your opinion how useful are they, in the course of a preparation process? Which Test Series did you join and how useful did you find it to be?

Amit Suresh Tolani: VERY important part of preparation for both Prelims & Mains because it shows us the mirror of our preparation level. It happens many times with students that they complete the book but still do not score in exam. Here the test series are of special relevance because these help students to assess how well he/she has understood and learnt the subject not just completed the books. It helps us to NOT be over confident.

For Prelims, I suggest previous years questions and Insights on India test papers

For Mains, Vision IAS Test papers.

IAS Score: Civil Services Exam process is quite strenuous. It requires long hours of constant study. How did you maintain your tempo and what did you do to break the monotony of preparation?

Amit Suresh Tolani: My friends were sincere upsc aspirants who helped me in my highs and lows.

Break the syllabus in short milestones.

Keep yourself entertained to avoid monotony and breakdown.

IAS Score: The trend suggests that professionals or working people are more successful in this exam. Does this exam prove difficult for Humanities and Social Science background candidates?

Amit Suresh Tolani: Absolutely NO; your sincere efforts are required irrespective of your background/caste/creed/academics/skills etc. One has to slog in some or the other way.

IAS Score: Which sources you referred to prepare for Contemporary Issues.

Amit Suresh Tolani: The Hindu, &

IAS Score: Given the recent boom in online initiatives to support an aspirant, which were the platforms that you find useful enough during your course of preparation. Please list the sites.

Amit Suresh Tolani:

IAS Score: What is your advice to the candidates who is still in the process of preparing for this examination?

Amit Suresh Tolani: Work Hard & Give more and more tests.

IAS Score: Your word for future aspirants

Amit Suresh Tolani: Have faith in yourself!

Amit Suresh Tolani Mark sheet

Paper Marks
Prelims GS-132


Essay (Paper 1) 118
GS 1 (Paper 2) 99
GS 2 (Paper 3) 87
GS 3 (Paper 4) 102
GS 4 (Paper 5) 95
Optional 1 (Paper 6) 131
Optional 2 (Paper 7) 137
Written Total 769
Personality Test 149
Total Score 918

​Mega Success of National Grand 6 Days IAS Entrance Workshop (Only for Sindhi Students) in Lucknow.

Organised by Sindh Welfare Society SWS – India and Shiv Shanti Sant Asudaram Ashram, Lucknow India and fully & financial supported by National Council for Promotion of Sindhi Language (NCPSL, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India)

With 196 IAS Aspirants from 65 Cities / 11 States from all over India and 160 Parents.

First of all Special Thanks and Respect for Param Pujya Sain Chandru Ram Saheb (Peethadeeshwar) for Blessing Us all and providing us Shiv Shanti Sant Asudaram Ashram as a HOME for Workshop with Stay Arrangements and food. He is Always looking forward for the Welfare of Mankind. We couldn’t have thought for Such a Grand Workshop without the help of Ashram & Sain Ji.

Special Thanks to Shri Rajaram Bhagwani, DIG, RPF, NER Gorakhpur ; Mentor and Backbone of SWS. He has a dream to see Sindhi Youth to become IAS/ IPS/Civil Service Officers. We Thank him for taking out your most precious minutes for the workshop. 

Most Special Thanks to Shri Ravi Prakash Tekchandani , Director National Council of Promotion of Sindhi Language,NCPSL, New Delhi. This workshop was fully financial supported by NCPSL.

The Most Cheering and Motivational Personality. Without Your Support this Workshop couldn’t have been possible.

Special Thanks to Sarita Wadhwani, Yawatmal (MH) Working Women & Softskills Trainer with a zeal to do something good for society for taking out time in coordinating with Students. Providing them with material and Sharing Motivational Posts. Taking up councelling with Students as she gets time after the classes. 

Special Thanks to my friends ,Hand in Hand Nilesh Rajani, Bhatnagar (GJ) and Diya Parwani, Rajkot (GJ) for working for 2 months to manage students from all over Gujarat. Not only for this Workshop but also for Previous 3 Grand Workshops along with Jayesh Sharma, Rajkot and Lokesh Girglani, Ahmedabad

Special Thanks to Pradeep Rupani for managing to Get So many Students from Ulhasnagar &. Mumbai.

Special Thanks to Asudomal Lachwani for managing so many Students from Bhopal.
Special Thanks to Vivek Amlani SWS Coordinator Faizabad for getting many Students from his City.

Special Thanks to Big Bro Atul Rajpal, President SWS India for working day and night for this Workshop. Atul Sir is the Most Important Pillar of SWS. 

Special Thanks to Satendra Bhawnani, General Secretary SWS for working hand in hand with Atul Rajpal , SWS & Ashram team for coordinating everything and getting things in Place. 

Thanks to
SWS Executive Body
SWS Post Holders 
SWS Power of Women
Team Sindhiyat
SWS Post Holders 
SWS Yuwa Mandal
Sakhi Baba Yuwa Mandal

Last But not the least Thank You all my dear Students for having faith on Us and coming up from far of Places and remote areas from all over India to attend the Workshop. I hope you and us together will sow seeds for an Empowered Sindhi  Society

Pls forgive me if I have missed to Say thanks to some one.

Special Thanks to all the Parents. Pls Bless us with Your Wishes. 

Sumit Manglani IT Head,

Sindh Welfare Society (India)

Event Broadcast, Media Production & Promotion by Empowerment of Sindhi’s Broadcast Service. Connecting Sindhi’s WorldWide

To Join Send Name & City to 9559544477 on Whatsapp

Historical Blunder : Surrendering Sindh to Pakistan

A Historical Blunder: When our great leaders surrendered Sindh to Pakistan


One of the biggest enigmas of India’s partition history is how Sindh, in its entirety was assigned to Pakistan, even though Hindus constituted a large minority in the province. Hindus made up almost a quarter of Sindh’s population at the time of partition. In most cases, they lived cheek by jowl with their Muslim neighbours. However, as a mercantile community, Hindus made up the majority in almost all urban centres in pre-partition Sindh. The city of Karachi was evenly split between Hindus and Muslims, but Shikarpur, Larkana, Sukkur and Hyderabad had solid Hindu majorities. Hindu communities, while spread throughout Sindh, were numerically strongest in the South-Eastern part of the state, bordering present day Rajasthan. It seems that even though large Hindu communities would have been left behind, Sindh could be neatly cleaved in the South East and the four sub-districts of Umerkot, Nagarparkar, Mithi and Chachro could have easily been assigned to India as a homeland for Hindu Sindhis.

It is not that the British had any aversion to splitting provinces along communal lines when it came to India’s partition. Bengal and Punjab are obvious examples but Sylhet district of Assam stands out as the case in point. Assam province was almost as Hindu as Sindh was Muslim. Yet, the British went ahead and removed its Muslim majority Sylhet district and awarded it to Pakistan. However, they defied their own logic when Hindu-Buddhist majority Chittagong Hill tracts district of Bengal was awarded to Pakistan instead of India. Clearly, there existed a certain randomness in which partition was effected. While religion was the predominant criterion, local infrastructure, natural resources etc. were also used as criteria while partitioning India. However, even considering all parameters, randomness persists. For example, why was Hindu majority Khulna awarded to Pakistan, while Muslim majority Murshidabad went to India. Sindh remaining with Pakistan in spite of clear and obvious grounds for its partition is in some measure attributable to this randomness.

That Sindh remained with Pakistan in its entirety is commonly attributed to two broad reasons. The first is that unlike rest of India, Sindhi Hindus and Muslims lived in peace and amity and that the communal atmosphere in Sindh was never as charged as in Punjab or Bengal.

While that is partly true (Sindh had its own share of communal disturbances), the fact remains that Sindhi Hindu community was forced to flee Sindh soon after partition once the Muhajirs arrived.

It is also a fact that local Sindhi Muslims connived with the Muhajirs in encouraging the flight of their Hindu brethren. The second reason is that as Sindhi Hindus made up only around a quarter of Sindhi population, they were under-represented in the legislatures and as a political force. There is some truth in this aspect as well. Congress, even when it was at its peak in pre-partition India, could never form the government in Sindh, which continued to be dominated by Muslim Leaguers. One mustn’t forget that it was in Sindh that the Pakistan resolution was first passed. All of this points towards Congress’s inability to gather Sindhi Hindus as a political force and the failure of Sindhi Hindus to wake up to the reality of their being rendered refugees were Sindh to go to Pakistan. Tellingly, on the day when Sindh was severed from India, the President of Congress was a Sindhi Hindu, by the name of J B Kripalani. Kripalani was someone who called for partition of Bengal and Punjab but failed to demand the same for his own people.

Not so long ago, Tharparkar and Umerkot districts in the South-Eastern part of Sindh, bordering Rajasthan used to have a Hindu majority. However, Hindus of Pakistan have fallen on bad times. Demographically insignificant, belonging to an enemy religion, deprived of a homeland they can call their own and exposed to the ferocity of political Islam, their numbers have been steadily dwindling either through conversions or migrations. The failure of India’s political leaders to fight for a homeland for Sindhi Hindus has meant that no future exists for Hindus of Sindh, while those who migrated to India have been cut off their cultural roots. That all of Sindh went to Pakistan is a tragedy, the blame for which must lie on the short sightedness of our leaders